By Benny Morris
This heritage of the foundational struggle within the Arab-Israeli clash is groundbreaking, target, and deeply revisionist. A riveting account of the army engagements, it additionally specializes in the war's political dimensions. Benny Morris probes the factors and goals of the protagonists at the foundation of newly opened Israeli and Western documentation. The Arab side—where the information are nonetheless closed—is illuminated with assistance from intelligence and diplomatic materials. Morris stresses the jihadi personality of the two-stage Arab attack at the Jewish group in Palestine. all through, he examines the dialectic among the war's army and political advancements and highlights the army impetus within the construction of the refugee challenge, which used to be a spinoff of the disintegration of Palestinian Arab society. The booklet completely investigates the position of the nice Powers—Britain, the USA, and the Soviet Union—in shaping the clash and its tentative termination in 1949. Morris appears to be like either at excessive politics and basic employees decision-making approaches and on the nitty-gritty of strive against within the successive battles that resulted within the emergence of the nation of Israel and the humiliation of the Arab international, an embarrassment that underlies the ongoing Arab antagonism towards Israel.
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Extra resources for 1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War
Few Jews reached Palestine from Europe during 1941-1945. Nonetheless, the war significantly speeded up the march toward Jewish statehood. 37 And in May, an Extraordinary Zionist Conference, attended by most leaders of American Zionism, a number of exiled European Zionist leaders, and three members, including Ben-Gurion, of the JAE from Jerusalem, formalized this demand by voting to support what became known as the Biltmore Program (drafted by Meyer Weisgal, a Weizmann aide). "38 By "commonwealth" they meant state.
The Jewish Agency for Palestine served as the Yishuv's government, its Executive (the JAE), from 1929 until 1948, functioning as a cabinet. A number of bodies, such as the Jewish National Fund, the Histadrut Agricultural Center, and the agency's Settlement Department, promoted land reclamation and settlement activity. The Yishuv established a "national" health care system, the Histadrut's Sick Fund, and educational systems catering to its constituent communities (secular, socialist, Orthodox, ultra-Orthodox).
Increased prosperity, triggering hopes of further betterment, relative political freedom, and the gradual emergence of an urban middle class also tended to radicalize the population. This burgeoning national consciousness periodically expressed itself in anti-Zionist violence. But violence did not emerge only from "modern" nationalist passions; it also drew on powerful religious wellsprings. Nothing, it seemed, could mobilize the Palestinian Arab masses for action more readily than Muslim religious rhetoric and symbols.
1948: A History of the First Arab-Israeli War by Benny Morris