By Michael LaBossiere
30 Fallacies is a significant other ebook for forty two Fallacies. forty two Fallacies isn't really, in spite of the fact that, required to exploit this booklet. It presents concise descriptions and examples of thirty universal casual fallacies.
Accent, Fallacy of
Accident, Fallacy of
Amphiboly, Fallacy of
Appeal to Envy
Appeal to team Identity
Appeal to Guilt
Appeal to Silence
Appeal to Vanity/Elitism
Argumentum advert Hitlerum
Confusing reasons and Excuses
Cum Hoc, Ergo Propter Hoc
Equivocation, Fallacy of
Moving the target Posts
Overconfident Inference from Unknown Statistics
Positive advert Hominem
Proving X, Concluding Y
Reification, Fallacy of
Texas Sharpshooter Fallacy
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Extra resources for 30 More Fallacies
Example #1 “Very few white men have been President of the United States. ” Example #2 “A fairly small percentage of automobile accidents involve drivers over 70. ” Example#3 “Most conservatives are not media personalities on Fox News. " Incomplete Evidence Also Known As: Suppressed Evidence This fallacy occurs when available evidence that would count against a conclusion is ignored or suppressed. It has the following form: 1) Evidence E is given for conclusion C. 2) Available evidence A that would count against C is ignored or suppressed.
While thinking that Android was created from scratch would be an error, it is an error about the facts, rather than an error in logic. If someone said “Android is awful. After all, a fair number of creepy geeks use it”, then this would be an error in logic. Even if creepy geeks use Android, this does not prove that the operating system is awful. While both of these are mistakes, they are two different types of mistakes. To see why, think about balancing a checkbook. I can make a mistake by doing the math incorrectly (which would be an error in reasoning) and I can make a mistake by entering the wrong amount for a check.
Roughly put, Aristotle took an accidental property as lacking a necessary connection to the essence of a thing so that the property could change without the thing in question ceasing to be what it is. In contrast, essential qualities are necessary to the thing being what it is. For example, having three sides is an essential property of a triangle: if it ceases have three sides, it is no longer a triangle. Essential properties allow for no exceptions, so if property P is essential to being an F, then anything without P would also not be an F.
30 More Fallacies by Michael LaBossiere