By Gwendolyn Leick
The Dictionary of historic close to japanese Mythology covers resources from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving proof in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented via the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of foundation of major texts and a short heritage in their transmission throughout the a long time; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or sorts of mythological figures.
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Additional info for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology
The psychological and physical well-being of people is constantly threatened by forces outside their control; disease and quarrels, misfortune and death are the work of malignant forces. They can therefore only be averted by participating magic which sends the evil back. The Ancient Near East has sometimes been described as fear-ridden and obsessed with demons and evil spirits. The great number of apotropaic objects and the long and complicated rituals of the incantation priests (ašipus) seem to support this assumption.
Ebeling, RLA I 1932, 113–15; Edzard, WdM 1965, 46–9; Black, Green 1990; Wiggermann 1992; Cunningham 1997 Dingir-Mahmeš A group of Hittite goddesses, sometimes envisaged as a triad, with the goddesses Allinalli and Iyaya, or Zukki and Anzilli. They are also mentioned in connection with the Gulšeš goddesses. According to some texts they created man (Siegelová) and they sit by rivers, wells, or by the seashore. They decide the fates on every human being and are present at birth. Dingir-Mah in the singular stands for the mother-goddess Hannahanna.
Other texts were edited into ‘standard versions’ which entailed considerable homogeneity of textual transmission over several hundreds of years. During the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods, when the collections for the royal archives were being made, literary texts from different scribal centres were copied and occasionally amended to reflect contemporary attitudes (see for instance the Gilgameš Epic, which was given a new ending by the addition of another tablet). The Babylonians inherited the culture and religious structures of the Sumerians.
A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick