By et al Ronald Thoen
Alternate is an important motive force for sustained fiscal development, and progress is critical for poverty aid. In Sub-Saharan Africa, the place three-fourths of the bad stay in rural parts, spurring development and producing source of revenue and employment possibilities is necessary for poverty relief techniques. Seventy percentage of the inhabitants lives in rural components, the place livelihoods are mostly depending on the construction and export of uncooked agricultural commodities corresponding to espresso, cocoa, and cotton, whose costs in actual phrases were progressively declining during the last a long time. The deterioration within the phrases of alternate resulted for Africa in a gradual contraction of its proportion in international alternate during the last 50 years. Diversification of agriculture into higher-value, non-traditional exports is obvious this present day as a concern for many of those international locations. a few African countries—in specific, Kenya, South Africa, Uganda, C?te d’Ivoire, Senegal, and Zimbabwe—have controlled to diversify their agricultural quarter into non-traditional, high-value-added items similar to lower flora and vegetation, clean and processed vegatables and fruits. to profit from those reports and higher support different African nations in designing and imposing potent agricultural development and diversification options, the area financial institution has introduced a complete set of experiences less than the large subject of “Agricultural alternate Facilitation and Non-Traditional Agricultural Export improvement in Sub-Saharan Africa.” This examine presents an in-depth research of the present constitution and dynamics of the ecu import marketplace for flora and clean horticulture items. It goals to aid shopper international locations, stakeholders, and improvement companions to get a greater realizing of those markets, and to evaluate the clients and possibilities they give for Sub-Saharan African exporters.
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Additional resources for Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63)
In horticulture, the following products have a good market: citrus, top fruit, tomatoes; and arable cropped vegetables, such as carrot, cabbage, 36 World Bank Working Paper onion, etc. The organic market for specialties and exotics is very limited, because of the low volumes in which they are traded (they are not staple food, but are rather consumed on special occasions). The claim of a product from SSA countries to be organic is not as solid as it may seem because the product has to be transported over long distances by road, sea and especially air.
The country exports a wide range of products such as citrus, tropical fruit, grapes and others. In 2001, Cameroon replaced Côte d’Ivoire as the largest SSA supplier to the EU, when Côte d’Ivoire exports dropped by almost 50 percent as a result of drought and political instability. Cameroon’s exports in 2001 accounted for 218,000 tons with banana as the main commodity. Zimbabwe has the third position among SSA suppliers, with 45,000 tons of exports. Kenya is only ranked 11th of African exporters of fruits to the EU.
0 % .. Negligible. (p) ϭ provisional. Source: ZMP—Marktbilanz Gemüze 2002, based on Eurostat. 1 % Passion fruit. etc. 6 .. 6 .. 1 .. 0 .. 0 % .. Negligible. Source: Eurostat. ■ the competition in the fruit market is global since it can be transported by sea from far away countries because it is less perishable (low value/volume ratio). SSA suppliers have to compete with major players such as South Africa, Australia, the Americas and Asia; ■ the fruit sector became global decades ago and is now controlled by a limited number of large, transnational companies.
Agricultural Trade Facilitation in Sub-Saharan Africa: Structure and Dynamics of the European Market for Horticultural Products and Opportunities for SSA Exporters (World Bank Working Papers, No. 63) by et al Ronald Thoen