Get Al-Ma’mun PDF

By Michael Cooperson

ISBN-10: 1851683860

ISBN-13: 9781851683864

Аль-Мамун (786—833) — багдадский халиф из династии Аббасидов.Сын Харуна аль-Рашида. Мать Мамуна была персидского происхождения. После смерти отца халифом стал его брат Аль-Амин, а Мамун стал губернатором Хорасана. В ходе вспыхнувшей гражданской войны, Мамун в 813 г. захватил Багдад и воцарился. Привлек к управлению государством ученых и основал в Багдаде Дом Мудрости (Бейт аль-хикма), созданную в подражание старинной персидской академии Джундишапура.В 827 г. по его повелению (и при его финансировании) были проведены градусные измерения дуги меридиана в долине Синджар, осуществлён перевод труда Птолемея на арабский язык («Альмагест»); в 829 г. в Багдаде основана астрономическая обсерватория.

Read Online or Download Al-Ma’mun PDF

Similar islam books

Get Growing Up Muslim: Understanding the Beliefs and Practices PDF

Writer Sumbul Ali-Karamali bargains her own account, discussing the various and sundry questions she fielded from curious pals and schoolmates whereas transforming into up in Southern California—from vitamin, to decorate, to prayer and vacations and every little thing in among. She additionally presents an academically trustworthy creation to Islam, addressing its inception, improvement and present demographics.

Hilaire Belloc's The Battleground: Syria and Palestine, The Seedplot of PDF

During this religious-biblical orientated historical past, Belloc offers an entire and reasonable therapy of the traditional Jews and different center jap cultures and their influence in heritage, and in contemporary international. He affirms a different divine layout within the tale of Syria and especially of Israel, achieving a climax within the occasion of the Crucifixion of Christ.

New PDF release: Theology and Creed in Sunni Islam: The Muslim Brotherhood,

The heritage of Sunni theology (kalam) is little recognized, however the impression of its loss of life has profoundly formed sleek Islam. This booklet explores the correlation among anti-theological proposal and the increase of Islamism within the 20th century. It focuses in particular on Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood and the management of Umar al-Tilmisani (d.

Extra info for Al-Ma’mun

Sample text

The belief itself was not new, but al-Ma’mun was to go further than any of his predecessors in living up to it. So long as al-Ma’mun was studying law with his tutors, or discussing theology with kalam-debaters, his opinions were of importance only to him. 050 25/02/2005 10:25 AM Page 36 36 AL-MA’MUN thought. When, however, he became caliph, his opinions became those of the head of state. Had he been less interested in intellectual matters, he might have kept his opinions to himself. Instead, however, he proclaimed them to be the only basis of right belief.

In the works of later chroniclers hostile to kalam, the term “Jahmi” is loosely used as a term of abuse for anyone who believed the Qur’an was created. In that sense, it is frequently applied to al-Ma’mun and the scholars he supported. Also among the Barmakis’ associates were scholars described as Shiites. As we have seen, members of this group believed that the only legitimate leaders of the community were certain male descendants of Ali, the Prophet’s cousin and son-in law. Al-Ma’mun is unlikely to have accepted this position, which implied that his own Abbasid family had no right to rule.

The documents also say that al-Ma’mun, in addition to being his brother’s heir, was to govern Khurasan (in effect, the eastern half of the empire). In Sasanian times, the heir to the throne had customarily been appointed governor of that province, but no Abbasid prince had ever formally held the title. As late as al-Rashid’s reign, the caliphs were still recruiting soldiers there. According to the succession documents, al-Ma’mun was to have full authority to rule the province without interference by his brother.

Download PDF sample

Al-Ma’mun by Michael Cooperson


by Kenneth
4.3

Rated 4.71 of 5 – based on 27 votes