By Kathleen Kuiper
The geographically particular American territories of California, the nice Basin, and the Southwest have lengthy sustained numerous indigenous peoples, together with the Miwok, Comanche, and Navajo, respectively. An exam of every of those tradition components yields wealthy histories full of steadfast traditions and spiritual practices, subsistence styles dictated by way of geographic situation, and social interactions inside and among tribes. This soaking up quantity surveys the heritage of a few of the teams that shape those tradition components in addition to the religious, cultural, and social practices that distinguish every one tribe.
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Extra info for American Indians of California, The Great Basin and the Southwest (Native American Tribes)
The various tribal names such as Paiute and Shoshone were designations given them by other tribes. The Washoe called themselves Washoe, a true self-name. Linguistic and archaeological evidence indicates that the Washoe separated from other California Hokan-speaking groups as long as several millennia ago. Similar evidence indicates that the Numic peoples may have been spreading across the Great Basin from southeastern California for the last 2,000 years, reaching their northernmost areas less than 1,000 years ago.
Both inland and coastal groups made baskets, pottery, and containers made of string 23 American Indians of California, 7 the Great Basin, and the Southwest 7 Mission Indians The term "Mission Indians" refers to all the North American Indians of what is now the southern and central California coast, among whom Spanish Franciscans and soldiers established 21 missions between 1769 and 1823. The major groups were, from south to north, the Diegueño, Luiseño and Juaneño, Gabrielino, Chumash, and Costanoan.
On July 16, 1769, he founded Mission San Diego, the first within the present state of California. From 1770 to 1782 he founded eight more Californian missions: Carmel, his headquarters, at Monterey, in 1770; San Antonio and San Gabriel (near Los Angeles), 1771; San Luis Obispo, 1772; San Francisco (Mission Dolores) and San Juan Capistrano, 1776; Santa Clara, 1777; and San Buenaventura, 1782. Serra’s missions helped strengthen Spain’s control of Alta California. Serra’s treatment of the Indians is debated.
American Indians of California, The Great Basin and the Southwest (Native American Tribes) by Kathleen Kuiper