By Alan Barnard
The Bushman is a perennial yet altering snapshot. The transformation of that photo is necessary. It symbolizes the belief of Bushman or San society, of the information and values of ethnographers who've labored with Bushman peoples, and people of alternative anthropologists who use this paintings. Anthropology and the Bushman covers early visitors and settlers, vintage 19th and twentieth-century ethnographers, North American and jap ecological traditions, the techniques of African ethnographers, and up to date paintings on advocacy and social improvement. It finds the effect of Bushman experiences on anthropology and at the public. The e-book highlights how Bushman or San ethnography has contributed to anthropological controversy, for instance within the debates at the measure of incorporation of San society in the wider political economic system, and at the validity of the case for "indigenous rights" as a unique type of human rights. interpreting the altering snapshot of the Bushman, Barnard offers a brand new contribution to a longtime anthropology debate.
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Extra resources for Anthropology and the Bushman
Although at times on the wane, the close relation between mythology and rock art has existed almost since the beginning of South African rock art studies. M. Orpen. Orpen copied paintings in the Maluti Mountains of present-day Lesotho. More importantly, he tried to explain them in the context of myths told to him by his guide, a Bushman named Qing who had ‘never seen a white man but in fighting’ (Orpen 1874: 2). Orpen’s account in the Cape Monthly Magazine was widely read, and it enabled Wilhelm Bleek both to compare Maluti to /Xam mythology and to comment: This fact [of the existence of Bushman paintings] can hardly be valued sufficiently.
Most revealingly, Knox states: ‘Accordingly, no attempt that I know of has ever been made to ascertain the extent of the Hottentot and Bosjeman race towards the north, that is, into the interior of Africa; a problem surely worthy a solution [sic], for no more singular race of men exist on earth than the Hottentot race’ (1850: 272). The physical peculiarities of the ‘yellow race’ would grow in interest over the next century, until in the 1950s modern ethnographic studies came to be made. German travellers and anthropologists of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, such as Gustav Fritsch (1872: 396–410) and Leonhard Schultze (1928), made detailed records of heights, as well as comments on the supposed peculiarities of genitalia, breasts and buttocks.
The main polygenist text was Robert Knox’s (1850) The Races of Men. Knox mentions but briefly and intermittently the ‘yellow race’ that includes ‘Bosjemen’ (sic) and ‘Quaiquae whom we call Hottenttots’ (1850: 548), and a lithograph depicting people in a rock shelter is captioned ‘The savage Bosjemen; – Troglodytes; who built no house or hut; children of the desert’ (1850: 221). Most revealingly, Knox states: ‘Accordingly, no attempt that I know of has ever been made to ascertain the extent of the Hottentot and Bosjeman race towards the north, that is, into the interior of Africa; a problem surely worthy a solution [sic], for no more singular race of men exist on earth than the Hottentot race’ (1850: 272).
Anthropology and the Bushman by Alan Barnard