By Robert D. Kaplan
A tight-knit crew heavily associated by means of intermarriage in addition to type and old style ties, the “Arabists” have been women and men who spent a lot in their lives dwelling and dealing within the Arab global as diplomats, army attaches, intelligence brokers, scholar-adventurers, and academics. As such, the Arabists exerted substantial impact either as profession diplomats and as bureaucrats in the country division from the early 19th century to the current. yet over the years, as this paintings exhibits, the gang more and more misplaced contact with a swiftly altering American society, turning out to be either extra insular and headstrong and exhibiting a marked tendency to claim the Arab standpoint. Drawing on interviews, memoirs, and different authentic and personal resources, Kaplan reconstructs the 100-year historical past of the Arabist elite, demonstrating their profound effect on American attitudes towards the center East, and tracing their decline as an inflow of ethnic and nearby experts has reworked the nation division and challenged the facility of the outdated elite.
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Extra info for Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite (Reprint Edition)
22 In addition to whatever intellectual prestige the Institute was able to confer on Lazarsfeld at this time, Horkheimer was also providing Wnancial assistance while Lazarsfeld was still in New Jersey. ”23 Lazarsfeld, in his memoir, conWrms this account, making at the same time speciWc reference to the hoped-for collaboration of his own research methodology and critical theory: “I was aware of [the] controversial features of Adorno’s work, but was intrigued by his writings on the ‘contradictory’ role of music in our society.
Just as in the beer ad he criticizes, which uses peace to sell products, the formal logic of Lazarsfeld’s essay requires that critical theory become a means to an end. ” For Lazarsfeld, the question of critical theory is what “value . . 41 Further, communications research as an “operation” exists to serve as the tool of dominant interests: Behind the idea of such research is the notion that modern media of communication are tools handled by people or agencies for given purposes. ” In one of the calmer sentences of Lazarsfeld’s reprimand of Adorno’s “Memorandum: Music in Radio,” he insists that “before we show your memorandum to other people, it will be necessary that you spend much time on a more concrete presentation.
Even in his Wrst days in America, Adorno’s unease with a type of research that sought to streamline audience responses was palpable. His dismay is registered as early as 1938 in “The Fetish-Character in Music The Monster under the Stone 5 and the Regression of Listening,” an essay written just after his Wrst taste of “applied” social research. On the Wrst page he writes, “If one seeks to Wnd out who ‘likes’ a commercial piece, one cannot avoid the suspicion that liking and disliking are inappropriate to the situation, even if the person questioned clothes his reaction in those words.
Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite (Reprint Edition) by Robert D. Kaplan