By J. L. Ackrill
Discusses Aristotle's perspectives on switch, usual technological know-how, the brain, common sense, philosophical procedure, metaphysics, and ethics, and indicates why the Greek thinker nonetheless provokes controversy.
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Extra resources for Aristotle the Philosopher (OPUS)
Formal logic Aristotle's famous -- or notorious -- theory of the syllogism (see Chapter 6) has often in the past been criticised and laughed at for being pedantic and arid, and for being quite untrue to the facts of human reasoning. But since the development of a rigorous mathematical logic we have come to see that the theory was in fact an extraordinary achievement in formal logic. Starting more or less from scratch Aristotle produced an almost perfect and impressively rigorous piece of logic -- which can be properly valued only at a time when the ideals of completeness and rigour in logic are themselves understood and accepted.
It is therefore impossible for there to be an infinite weight . . and impossible therefore for there to be a body of infinite weight. ( De Caelo I. 273b29). A question about memory What is it to remember someone or something? A standard account would say that it involves having a memory-image of the person or thing, an image which is like the original sense-impression, a sort of feeble copy of it; the original experience must have left some 'trace', and it is that trace that is reactivated later as a memory-image.
The ideas, though not the labels, are familiar to Aristotle, and they are used by him in all sorts of contexts. We say that 'the morning star' and 'the evening star' have the same reference but a different sense. He would say that the morning star and the evening star are the same, but their being is not the same; being the morning star is not the same as being the evening star, although the morning star is in fact the same star as the evening star. As regards opacity, Aristotle's key phrases are 'in itself' and 'by accident' or 'incidentally' (per accidens).
Aristotle the Philosopher (OPUS) by J. L. Ackrill