By B. Ann Tlusty
Lining the streets contained in the city's gates, clustered in its heart, and thinly scattered between its again quarters have been Augsburg's taverns and ingesting rooms. those associations ranged from the poorly lit rooms of backstreet wine dealers to the frilly marble halls frequented via society's so much privileged contributors. city ingesting rooms supplied greater than meals, drink, and accommodation for his or her visitors. additionally they conferred upon their viewers a feeling of social identification commensurate with their prestige. like any German towns, Augsburg through the 16th and 17th centuries had a background formed by means of the political occasions attending the Reformation, the post-Reformation, and the Thirty Years' warfare; its social and political personality was once additionally mirrored and supported through its private and non-private ingesting rooms.
In Bacchus and Civic Order: The tradition of Drink in Early sleek Germany, Ann Tlusty examines the social and cultural capabilities served via ingesting and tavern lifestyles in Germany among 1500 and 1700, and demanding situations latest theories approximately city id, sociability, and gear. via her reconstruction of the social background of Augsburg, from beggars to council individuals, Tlusty additionally sheds gentle on such diversified subject matters as social ritual, gender and loved ones family members, scientific perform, and the worries of civic leaders with public health and wellbeing and poverty. Drunkenness, dueling, and different kinds of tavern comportment which could look ''disorderly'' to us this present day become the inevitable, even fascinating results of a society functioning in response to its personal rules.
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Additional info for Bacchus and Civic Order: The Culture of Drink in Early Modern Germany
Together, these establishments formed a hierarchy of drinking circles that corresponded both socially and geographically to the distribution of the Society of Orders. The wealth and power enjoyed by the city of Augsburg during the sixteenth century was not destined to last. Hints of economic decline were already in evidence as the seventeenth century began; if Augsburg’s citizens held any hope of recovery, they were dashed by the devastation of the Thirty Years’ War. The war decimated the economic power of the city, intensiﬁed confessional differences, and left the population reduced by more than half.
The populace of Augsburg after remained predominantly Protestant, a bastion against the primarily Catholic countryside outside its walls. The inﬂuence of the emperor ensured that Catholics remained the majority in the Augsburg government after . The late sixteenth century was marked by religious instability, and the city council responded to the tense situation by again attempting to steer a middle course in confessional matters. 12 Questioning more than one hundred of those who participated in the riots, mostly craftsmen, revealed that their complaints this time were social and political rather than confessional in nature, calling not for the return of the old calendar but the reinstatement of the old guild system.
34 It is no surprise, then, that the Lords’ Drinking Room served not only as a social center but as a potential hub of political power. The membership of the Lords’ Drinking Room Society was more broadly deﬁned than the membership of the patriciate. The patrician class, with few exceptions, was closed to new members from the end of the s until . 35 Membership in the Lords’ Drinking Room, although still an extremely restricted society, was somewhat more accessible. In addition to Augsburg patricians, membership was open to titled nobility and patricians from the imperial cities of Strasbourg, Nuremberg, and Ulm, and to those who married into the society.
Bacchus and Civic Order: The Culture of Drink in Early Modern Germany by B. Ann Tlusty