Download PDF by Panayot Butchvarov: Being qua being: a theory of identity, existence, and

By Panayot Butchvarov

ISBN-10: 0253137004

ISBN-13: 9780253137005

Are there nonexistent issues? what's the nature of informative id statements? Are the notions of crucial estate and of essence intelligible, and, if that is so, how are they to be understood? Are person issues fabric elements or clusters of features? Can the account of the harmony of a fancy entity stay away from vicious endless regresses? those questions have attracted frequent cognizance between philosophers lately, as evidenced through a proliferation of articles within the prime philosophical journals. In Being Qua Being they obtain systematic, unified therapy, grounded in an account of the character of the appliance to the area of our conceptual gear. A relevant thesis of the publication is that the subject of identification is basic, and that life and predication, either crucial and unintentional, are to be understood by way of identification.

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Additional resources for Being qua being: a theory of identity, existence, and predication

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We may then distinguish several levels of metaphysical inquiry. On the least fundamental level metaphysics is concerned with the most general description of the actual world, with the most general kinds of things there are and with the way they fit together. It asks such questions as whether God exists, whether there are both minds and bodies or only minds or only bodies, and if there are both minds and bodies, how they are related. On this level it is closely connected with epistemology, since the main philosophical difficulties such questions pose for us are epistemological in character.

Montgomery Furth (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1967) pp. 6, 35. , in something analogous to the perpetual disintegration consciousness suffers, according to Sartre. Page 17 Why is there such a striking difference between material identity statements and formal identity statements? It might be thought that the reason is that, unlike the former, the latter are self-evident or trivial. But to speak of the self-evidence or triviality (and not merely necessary truth, like that of "18 + 13 =31") of an identity statement is at best an obscure and epistemologically tendentious way of speaking of the fact that what the statement is about does not even appear to he two distinct things.

How is this possible? Does it not contradict the principle of the indiscernibility of identicals, which, unlike that of the identity of indiscernibles, seems indubitable? But while these problems must receive solutions, they would be, as a matter of philosophical strategy, a grossly inappropriate starting point for an investigation of material identity. They are inextricably tied to topics extraneous to that of identity, such as the nature of mental acts and their objects, necessary truth, and the notion of property (it has been argued that nonsubstitutivity is incompatible with indiscernibility only if every open sentence expresses a property).

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Being qua being: a theory of identity, existence, and predication by Panayot Butchvarov

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