By Ingvar Sundh, Andrea Wilcks, Mark S. Goettel
Microorganisms are standard in a number of important purposes, together with nutrition, pest keep an eye on, bioremediation, biodegradation, biofuel approaches, and plant symbiosis and progress stimulation. This publication offers an summary of the to be had method for security checks of microorganisms, together with choice in their infectivity and whether or not they produce poisonous or sensitizing ingredients. additionally coated are the regulatory platforms in probability evaluation and administration of microbial items, quarantine legislation, foreign treaties, the significance of public threat conception and probability aid habit.
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Extra resources for Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment : safety assessment and regulation
Cultures for animal nutrition are termed direct-fed microbial products. As for food for humans, the authority regulating such products is the FDA (US FDA, 1995). Currently, microorganisms for feed are placed in one of four categories: • • • • a food (feed) additive, a GRAS substance, a veterinary drug, or a feed ingredient as listed in the Official Publication of the Association of American Feed Control Officials (AAFCO) (US FDA, 1995). 2 on cultures for food in the USA. For a culture used as a veterinary drug, the manufacturer of the culture might make a label claim on the product that it cures, treats or prevents disease, which would make the product a drug, and require very extensive documentation.
So far, these recommendations have not led to any specific EU-wide harmonization of the national regulations. In view of recent developments, food cultures might be eventually classified as food ingredients, as pointed out by Wessels (Chapter 2, this volume). While the situation with microbial cultures intended for food use currently is obscure in the EU, the case of microbial products intended for animals is very definite. These are unequivocally considered as feed additives, and this definition also covers the starters used for silage preparation.
COM (1999) 719 final. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels. Safety and Regulation of Microorganisms 25 European Commission (2001) Press release IP/01/1698. Dioxin in food – Byrne welcomes adoption by Council of dioxin limits in food. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels. European Commission (2002) Press release IP/02/1764). Zoonoses: Commissioner David Byrne welcomes Council endorsement of proposals to combat food-borne diseases like salmonella. Commission of the European Communities, Brussels.
Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture, food and the environment : safety assessment and regulation by Ingvar Sundh, Andrea Wilcks, Mark S. Goettel