By Frederick Will
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Additional resources for Beyond Deduction: Ampliative Aspects of Philosophical Reflection
The traditional language of concepts, of conceptual analysis, of conceptual systems and of possible alternative conceptual schemes, without doubt tends to divert attention from the aspects of change and development among these norms. In this manner it tends to promote effects in the nonlinguistic, the more institutional aspects of our intellectual equipment in a way that is more indirect, less conscious, and consequently less critical than it otherwise might be. ' There is also a prudence of terrninology.
Reliance upon strict application of certain master, archetypal norms in the authentication of the more common norms of thought and action - the treatment of the more common norms as unworthy of acceptance in rigorous philosophical reflection apart from their relation to the master norms this is in important respects similar to certain doctrines about salvation and grace that were central to Christian theism in the early modern period, especially its Protestant branches. Matching the total depravity of all members of mankind, who can be redeemed by divine grace alone, is the total lack of authentication, apart from the supreme master norms, of accepted norms of thought and action, no matter how deeply entrenched in human life these norms may be and no matter how smoothly they perform as components of human life.
The philosopher whose teaching and writing were most influential in effecting this transfer was Hegel. In his wri ting and teaching Hegel was not of one mind in this matter, the transcendental side of Kant remaining alive and well (if such really is intellectual health) in the deductions of his greater and lesser Logics. The portion of his thought in which the forms of consciousness are conceived, with now and then some wishful looking back at the wouldbe abstract deductions of the Logics, are those dealing with the phenomenology of the spirit, with history, with topics in social and political philosophy, ethics, and religion.
Beyond Deduction: Ampliative Aspects of Philosophical Reflection by Frederick Will