Download PDF by Neil Helyer: Biological Control in Plant Protection: A Colour Handbook,

By Neil Helyer

ISBN-10: 1840761172

ISBN-13: 9781840761177

There has been a wide raise within the advertisement use of built-in crop/pest administration equipment for pest and ailment keep an eye on on a variety of plants in the course of the international because the first variation of this ebook. The thoroughly revised moment variation of the bestselling Biological keep watch over in Plant defense: a colour Handbook maintains the target of offering a instruction manual with profiles and full-color pictures of as many examples of organic keep an eye on organisms from as broad an international quarter as attainable. it really is designed to assist readers count on and realize particular difficulties of pest administration after which get to the bottom of them utilizing the ordinary enemies of pests—parasites, predators, and pathogens.

The authors first describe the influence of predator-prey relationships on host plant species in arable, orchard, and guarded environments. the most sections of the booklet comprise profiles of pests, precious arthropods (insects and mites), and necessary pathogens (bacteria, fungi, viruses, and nematodes), that includes a tabular pest id advisor. Descriptions of biocontrol organisms are divided into 4 sections: species features, lifecycle, crop/pest institutions, and impacts of turning out to be practices. The textual content is illustrated all through with colour photos of the top quality.

This revised variation is helping readers extra absolutely comprehend the suggestions and perform of organic keep watch over and built-in pest administration. All chapters were up-to-date and accelerated, and greater than three hundred new images were further. the second one variation covers new worthy organisms and pest profiles, and it contains a new bankruptcy at the functional points and alertness of organic keep an eye on. It additionally includes a new ultimate bankruptcy that places organic keep watch over in point of view, discussing interactions that ensue while utilizing biocontrol for inhabitants administration in addition to many of the attainable mechanisms of biocontrol.

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Additional info for Biological Control in Plant Protection: A Colour Handbook, Second Edition

Sample text

Spiders have a high dispersal ability using wind currents, which makes them a valuable natural enemy in the large fields that are characteristic of arable systems. Integrated Crop Management (ICM) There are now strong commercial pressures in many countries to reduce inputs in arable crops. This has led to the development and evaluation of less intensive and more ecologically sustainable crop husbandry methods. The success of such systems depends upon their being economically feasible. While crop protection is just one aspect of crop p ­ roduction, both ICM and organic systems require a better understanding and the effective use of beneficial organisms in order to reduce reliance on pesticides.

11). The introduction of commercially raised beneficial insects and the regular use of compatible and probably expensive pesticides, together with the necessary management time required to monitor the predator–prey relationships, is generally too costly to be economically viable in most arable crops. Many countries collect data from farmers and growers to produce tables relating to crop production. In the UK, the Department of Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA) publishes an annual survey covering the previous 11 years’ data.

Biological Control in Various Cropping Systems Several natural enemies are available and most are commercially mass reared from individuals collected within the country of use, so they do not require registration for release. Many beneficial insects are more or less host specific and attack several species within the same genus. Several aphid parasitoids have a limited host range, usually within similarly sized aphids, independent of the host plant. Predators tend to be more polyphagous and attack a much wider host range.

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Biological Control in Plant Protection: A Colour Handbook, Second Edition by Neil Helyer


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