Cardamom The Genus Elettaria - download pdf or read online

By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

ISBN-10: 0203272803

ISBN-13: 9780203272800

Cardamom another way often called Malabar cardamom, precise cardamom or small cardamom moment purely to pepper in its value throughout the Renaissance interval, is usually certified because the Queen of Spices as a result of its very friendly aroma and style. The Western Ghat wooded area of the Malabar coast, India, is the heart of beginning and variety for cardamom and it could were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the similar forest.

This quantity comprises 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one each one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All elements of the cardamom crop were coated during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written via specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation vegetation, botany and similar fields, and should cross directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to return.

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Extra info for Cardamom The Genus Elettaria

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The flowers are produced in short racemes. The capsules are bold and distinctly three angled. Var. laxiflora – A less robust plant and are not tall as the former. Leaves are glabrous with short petioles. This variety has flexuous, lax decumbent panicles. The flowers are produced in 4–40 short lax racemes. The capsules are variable, oblong–oblong fusiform. In India, a number of other cultivars of cardamom are also recognized. In general they can be considered as ecotypes of var. Mysore, Malabar or Vazukka.

N. Ravindran clones varied significantly. Total dry matter varied from 2579 g to 4853 g. 5. 9. 68 per cent. 06). Partitioning of photosynthates to various plant parts is controlled by the genetic make up of the genotype. 7 etc. and their higher harvest index have clearly indicated their superior yielding ability, and their usefulness in crop improvement programmes. 5 CROP IMPROVEMENT Use of genetically superior planting materials and cultivation adopting improved agrotechniques are the two important means to enhance crop productivity.

Cardamom seed has externally an aril composed of a few layers of thin walled, elongated cells. In fully mature seeds these cells contain small oil globules. 14 Cardamom seed TS: (a) a portion of TS of seed showing structural details: a – arillus; b – epidermis; c – oil cells; d – perisperm; e – outer integument; f – inner integument; g – raphae; h – selerenechyma; i – endosperm; j – embryo (b) an oil cell enlarged; (c) highly thickened cell of inner integument showing silica; (d) TS of cardamom fruit showing: a – pericarp; b – dissepiment; c – seed; (e) seed covered by arillus: a – arillus; b – raphae; c – operculum; (f) seed LS: a – hilum; b – operculam; c – oil cell layer; d – perisperm; e – endosperm; f – haustoria; g – arillus; h – embryo; (g) seed, TS: a – raphae; b – oil cell layer; c – perisperm; d – endosperm; e – embryo (Source: Wallis, 1967).

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Cardamom The Genus Elettaria by P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan


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