By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan
Cardamom another way often called Malabar cardamom, precise cardamom or small cardamom moment purely to pepper in its value throughout the Renaissance interval, is usually certified because the Queen of Spices as a result of its very friendly aroma and style. The Western Ghat wooded area of the Malabar coast, India, is the heart of beginning and variety for cardamom and it could were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the similar forest.
This quantity comprises 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one each one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All elements of the cardamom crop were coated during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written via specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation vegetation, botany and similar fields, and should cross directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to return.
Read Online or Download Cardamom The Genus Elettaria PDF
Best crop science books
This text/reference examines environmentally-safe and built-in strategies for potent pest administration and offers a thorough evaluation of the secondary metabolites regarding insect resistance—detailing their bioactivity, biosynthetic pathways, mechanisms of motion, and genetic law for enhanced equipment of pesticide usage and crop safeguard.
The Peach presents a complete brand new reference paintings, summarizing our wisdom of peaches and their creation all over the world and comprises an intensive color plates part. Chapters written through overseas professionals tackle botany and taxonomy, breeding and genetics of cultivars and rootstocks, propagation, body structure and planting platforms, crop and pest administration and postharvest body structure.
The 1st publication to envision straw chemistry in its entirety, Cereal straws describes the new improvement of recommendations for fractionation of and conversion to environmental pleasant fabrics. Balanced insurance of thought and purposes comprises: the research of straw constitution and its parts; extractives, from isolation to structural characterization; isolation, amendment, and purification of hemicelluloses; the prevalence, constitution, and chemical amendment of cellulose; straw lignins, together with their incidence, constitution and structure, isolation and heterogeneity, and physico-chemical houses; and usage of straw and straw elements after chemical amendment.
Curious organic phenomena happen the place land and sea trade at high and low tides. huge crop-like populations of the perennial sea lavender (Limonium vulgare) look and disappear through the years. Such vegetations are of serious good looks, specially at bloom, and shape a touristic allure. regardless of the extraordinary actual stipulations they teem with existence, between that are fertilising bugs and fungi which reason plant sickness.
- Rice: Global Networks and New Histories
- Bioregulators for Crop Protection and Pest Control
- The Oil Palm
- Neurons and the DHA Principle
Extra info for Cardamom The Genus Elettaria
The flowers are produced in short racemes. The capsules are bold and distinctly three angled. Var. laxiflora – A less robust plant and are not tall as the former. Leaves are glabrous with short petioles. This variety has flexuous, lax decumbent panicles. The flowers are produced in 4–40 short lax racemes. The capsules are variable, oblong–oblong fusiform. In India, a number of other cultivars of cardamom are also recognized. In general they can be considered as ecotypes of var. Mysore, Malabar or Vazukka.
N. Ravindran clones varied significantly. Total dry matter varied from 2579 g to 4853 g. 5. 9. 68 per cent. 06). Partitioning of photosynthates to various plant parts is controlled by the genetic make up of the genotype. 7 etc. and their higher harvest index have clearly indicated their superior yielding ability, and their usefulness in crop improvement programmes. 5 CROP IMPROVEMENT Use of genetically superior planting materials and cultivation adopting improved agrotechniques are the two important means to enhance crop productivity.
Cardamom seed has externally an aril composed of a few layers of thin walled, elongated cells. In fully mature seeds these cells contain small oil globules. 14 Cardamom seed TS: (a) a portion of TS of seed showing structural details: a – arillus; b – epidermis; c – oil cells; d – perisperm; e – outer integument; f – inner integument; g – raphae; h – selerenechyma; i – endosperm; j – embryo (b) an oil cell enlarged; (c) highly thickened cell of inner integument showing silica; (d) TS of cardamom fruit showing: a – pericarp; b – dissepiment; c – seed; (e) seed covered by arillus: a – arillus; b – raphae; c – operculum; (f) seed LS: a – hilum; b – operculam; c – oil cell layer; d – perisperm; e – endosperm; f – haustoria; g – arillus; h – embryo; (g) seed, TS: a – raphae; b – oil cell layer; c – perisperm; d – endosperm; e – embryo (Source: Wallis, 1967).
Cardamom The Genus Elettaria by P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan